The universal GP Training website for everyone, not just Bradford.   Created in 2002 by Dr Ramesh Mehay

Bradford VTS Online Resources:

Equality & Diversity

The 9 Protected Characteristics

It is against the law to discriminate against someone because of: 

  1. age
  2. disability
  3. gender reassignment
  4. marriage and civil partnership
  5. pregnancy and maternity
  6. race
  7. religion or belief
  8. sex
  9. sexual orientation

These are called protected characteristics. You are protected under the Equality Act 2010 from these types of discrimination.   All GP Trainees should be familiar withe the Equality Act. (see web link above)

The content of this webpage has been derived from a presentation on Race and Racism by Professor Vini Lander, Leeds Becketts University.  Vini Lander is Professor of Race and Education and Director of the Centre for Race, Education and Decoloniality in the Carnegie School of Education.
Click here to read more about her.

Our children are unconsciously trained into our social heirarchies.
Don’t think for one second that our children are blind to colour and race.

Notions of deficit

The deficit theory of education in times gone by argued that students who differed from the “norm” in a significant way should be considered deficient or “less than” their peers from dominant groups – race, class, gender, ability.   It argued that the purpose of education was to correct these “deficiencies”.    For example, by the age of 5, Black children living in  poverty will be one year behind their wealthy counterparts in terms of their vocabulary – this is a position of deficit.

It may still linger with some educators – for example, the low expectations of students with colour or IMGs?    


Unconscious bias

This is about the individual, not the institution.  “unconscious biases are ‘habits of mind’ learned over time through repeated personal experiences and cultural socialisation, they are highly resistant to change”.   (Burgess et al, 2007).   We gravitate towards people like us (Boliver, 2016).   “…. even consciously egalitarian people may hold negative ethnic and racial stereotypes and attitudes of which they may not be fully conscious” (Burgess et al, 2007).   As a result, unintentional bias may be just as adverse in its effects as overt bias.

How to challenge hate in our media

Some UK publications are using hateful content to generate sensationalist stories, increase sales and push social division. Advertisers are a major part of their business model, providing up to half of many companies’ revenues.    The Ethical Consumer along with with Stop Funding Hate are launching a new set of guides showing how you can help stop the hate in our media.

With hate crime on the rise in the UK, we can make hate unprofitable by persuading advertisers to pull their support from these publications. These new guides suggest six easy steps to start challenging hate. We ask what is hate speech, discuss how to persuade advertisers to pull their funds and look at how to build your campaign and deal with online trolls. Just a handful – or even one – well-placed message can persuade an advertiser to pull its funding.

Learn more about #HowToStopHate now >

Share on social media via our website >

Stop Funding Hate
Stop Funding Hate launched in 2016. Since then, it has:

  • Persuaded hundreds of advertisers to move their advertising budgets away from hateful media.
  • Seen two national papers, with an average monthly reach of over 36 million people, review their approach to hate speech.
  • Seen the number of anti-migrant front pages in the Daily Express fall from 70 in 2016 to 0 in 2018.
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Bradford VTS was created by Dr. Ramesh Mehay, a Programme Director for Bradford GP Training Scheme back in 2001. Over the years, it has seen many permutations.  At the time, there were very few resources for GP trainees and their trainers so Bradford decided to create one FOR EVERYONE. 

So, we see Bradford VTS as  the INDEPENDENT vocational training scheme website providing a wealth of free medical resources for GP trainees, their trainers and TPDs everywhere and anywhere.  We also welcome other health professionals – as we know the site is used by both those qualified and in training – such as Associate Physicians, ANPs, Medical & Nursing Students. 

Our fundamental belief is to openly and freely share knowledge to help learn and develop with each other.  Feel free to use the information – as long as it is not for a commercial purpose.   

We have a wealth of downloadable resources and we also welcome copyright-free educational material from all our users to help build our rich resource (send to

Our sections on (medical) COMMUNICATION SKILLS and (medical) TEACHING & LEARNING are perhaps the best and most comprehensive on the world wide web (see white-on-black menu header section on the homepage).